Fish Database

Telestes fontinalis

Krbava dace (eng.), Krbava Strömer (ger.), Krbavski pijor (hr.)

© Perica Mustafić

Distribution and Habitat - Croatia

Krbava dace is one of two steno-endemic Telestes species (together with T. karsticus) found in the Danube catchment. For T. fontinalis, the species is limited to the Krbava polje (karst field) (Ćaleta et al. 2015, Jelić et al. 2016). The Krbava dace is typical of all karst daces in being able to colonize subterranean habitats during adverse hydrological conditions and spend up to 8-10 months a year underground (Jelić et al. 2016). Extremely sensitive to hydrological disturbance and invasive species and suspected to be dependent on flowing water for reproduction (Freyhof 2012).
While no hydropower schemes are known to be in planning in the habitat of the Krbava dace, their habitat area is extremely small, and any hydrological disturbance would likely drive this species to extinction.
  • IUCN-Redlist Critically Endangered
  • EUR-HAB-DIR ---
  • Bern Convention II
  • Hydropower Sensitivity Very High
  • Balkan Dam Threat * High

* The assessment of Balkan Dam Threat is based on the loss of habitat that would occur if all or most of the planned hydropower schemes in the distribution range of the species were to be built. For more precise specification see Fish Study, page 8.