Fish Database

Cottus haemusi

Vit sculpin (eng.), Vit Koppe (ger.), Glavoch (bg.)

© Eliza Uzunova

Distribution and Habitat - Bulgaria

The Vit sculpin was described as occurring in the Vit River catchment (Kottelat & Freyhof 2007), where its distribution has been reduced to the Kostina & Toplja tributaries (Uzunova 2011). Following Pehlivanov et al. (2012) and Apostolos (pers. comm), the species occurs in the uppermost headwaters of the Ogosta, Iskar, Vit, Osam, and Yantra drainages. However, Uzunova et al. (2017) view the Vit sculpin as limited to the Vit system, with C. gobio occurring in the other depicted tributaries. According to Uzunova (pers. comm.), there are at most 100 individuals of Vit sculpin remaining, in a 200 m long reach of the Kostina River. This means the species should be designated as critically endangered by the IUCN. Sculpins are very sensitive to habitat alterations involving hydrology, bed-load transport and substrate composition.
Small hydropower schemes further threaten at least 90% of the remaining habitat of Cottus in most of these tributaries, and C. haemusi is threatened with almost certain extinction.
  • IUCN-Redlist Unknown
  • EUR-HAB-DIR ---
  • Bern Convention ---
  • Hydropower Sensitivity Very High
  • Balkan Dam Threat * Very High

* The assessment of Balkan Dam Threat is based on the loss of habitat that would occur if all or most of the planned hydropower schemes in the distribution range of the species were to be built. For more precise specification see Fish Study, page 8.